Debian/squeeze installation: ok out-of-the box
I installed Debian/squeeze/6.0 on my new fitpc2 without problems:
- You need an USB stick and a wired ethernet connection for installation.
- Wireless network connections can be enabled after installation, see below.
- The video driver is detected automatically.
Older posts indicated problems with the wireless connection and with the video driver. I did not experience any such problems. Most likely, the necessary drivers have been added to the main distribution.Preparation: Create Installation USB stick
Login to an existing Linux system as root and find out the correct device name for your USB stick:
root$ fdisk -l # Run this before entering your USB stick.
root$ fdisk -l # Run this again after entering your USB stick.
The above command shows all your drives. By comparing the output of the two calls, you can find out how the newly added USB stick is called. In my case, it is: /dev/sda
Download the Squeeze netinst ISO image from http://www.debian.org/CD/netinst/
. Choose the i386 image.
Write the image to your empty USB drive:
root$ dd if=debian-*-netinst.iso of=/dev/sdX # sdX is your USB stick.
In the above line, I need to replace sdX by sda --- use the correct drive for your USB stick.
Now, insert the USB stick into the fitpc2 and switch on the fitpc2. You may have to configure the boot sequence to enable booting from USB drives (press F2 after power on to enter the BIOS configuration).Installation
The installation preceeds normally --- like any Debian installation. Because the wifi chip requires a proprietary driver (details below) you cannot use the wifi connection for the installation: you need a wired network connection for that.X-Windows/graphics (updated)
You may either select a pre-defined package bundle (e.g. "Desktop") or hand-pick each package that you want. I tried both approaches:
The "desktop" installation needs about 2.5 GB disk space for a selection of desktop applications. It recognizes the video chip correctly.
Alternatively, I started with a minimal installation and added the "xorg" package (X-Windows system; correctly recognizes the video chip) and a window manager (I like "awesome" but your mileage may vary). Again, the video chip is detected automatically.
Of course, if you use your Fit-PC2 as a server, neither desktop applications nor windows manager are necessary.Wifi wireless networking (updated)
As of now, there is no free
driver available for your chip. You need to add the propriary driver. (Note: There is now active development for a free wifi driver for Intel chips. Maybe by the time you are reading this, this driver is already included into debian and you may not need the proprietary driver.)
Edit the file /etc/apt/sources.list and add the following line:
deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian squeeze main contrib non-free
Note: you may use the same server as you use for your other package repositories.
After saving the changed file, execute the following two commands as root:
root$ aptitude update
root$ aptitude install firmware-ralink
I use the network-manager package to configure the wireless connection. If this is not already installed, you can install it like this:
root$ aptitude install network-manager-gnome
You may have to reboot the fit-PC2 after installing these packages before you can use them.
The network manager adds a small icon to the systems tray. If it is not automatically started, open a xterm and run:
After this installation, I was able to use the wireless connection.